Fitrana | Sadqa al-Fitr
Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, reported:
“Zakat ul Fitr, or Fitrana, was established by the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) to cleanse those who fast from any indecent words or actions, and to offer sustenance for the needy. If given before the Eid prayer, it is accepted as Zakat; however, if given after the prayer, it is considered as regular charity.” Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah
As specified by the Prophet (PBUH), the donation should consist of one saa’ of food. One saa’ is equal to four madd, where a madd is the quantity that can be held when cupping one’s hands together. If converted to a monetary value based on the cost of staple foods like flour or rice, this would amount to approximately £5. Thus, the required contribution for each individual is £5.